Introduction to Nepal
The Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal is a small country situated on the lap of the highest mountain of the world Mt. Everest (8,848 m high). Nepal covers an area of 147,181 square kilometers. The country is located between the two giant countries China and India in the north and south respectively. Nepal is topographically divided into three regions: the Himalayas to the north, the Hills in the middle and the Terai to the south. The structure of the land is amazing in Nepal in terms of elevation as the elevations are immensely varied in the country. The highest point is Mt. Everest (8,848 m) in the north and the lowest point is Kechana Kalan ( 70 meters above the sea level ) located in eastern district Jhapa. In Nepal, altitude is found to be escalating as you travel south to north. To the north the temperatures are below -40 degrees Celsius and in the Terai, temperatures mount to above 40 degree Celsius in the summer season. In June, July and August, the country is influenced by monsoon and during the winter season the country experiences sparse rain fall.
Though Nepal is a small country in terms of geography, to have such physical diversities within such a tiny geography is itself a matter of great glory and uniqueness. Because of these all very unparalleled and distinguishing attributes, the structure of Nepali society has also been an astonishing habitat of multi-ethnic, multi-religious and multi-cultural people.
Like the geography, the population of Nepal extremely diverse and highly complex. Simplistically, Nepal is the meeting point for the Indo-Aryan people of Indian with the Tibeto-Burman of the Himalaya, but this gives little hint of the dynamic ethnic mosaic that has developed and continues to change to this day. In a south-north direction, as you move from the plains to the mountains, the ethnic map can be roughly divided into layers: the Terai, the midlands or Pahad zone, and the Himalaya. Each zone is dominated by characteristic ethnic groups whose agriculture and lifestyles are adapted to suit the physical constraints of their environment. In the Himalayan zone, the people are Mongolian of Tibetan descent. They are known as the Shrerpas or Bhotes in Nepali. In the east of the midlands zone, one can find Kirati people known as Rai, Limbu groups. They speak Tibeto-Burman Language. The Terai zone is the habitat of Tharus and Madheshi descents.
Similarly, Anthropologists divide the people of Nepal into about 50 ethnic groups or castes possessing their own distinct cultures and traditions. Everyone is proud of their heritage. Many people use the name of their ethnic group, caste or clan as their surname. The caste system has many occupational castes such as Brahmins (Hindu Priests), Chhetris (farmers in the hills and soldiers), Newars (the original inhabitants of Kathmandu Valley), Thakalis, Gurungs, Rais, Limbus, Tamangs, Magars, Potters, butchers, blacksmiths, cobblers, goldsmiths, clothes washers, etc.
This multi dimensional diversities encompasses within itself the people of various ethnic, tribal and social groups inhabiting different altitudes, and it manifests in various forms : music and dance ; art and craft ; folklores and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festival and celebration; and foods and drinks. Hence, Nepal is an exquisite garland woven out of the four castes and thirty-six sub-castes. Moreover it’s a common garden with the blossoms of physical and social diversities.
The cultural look of "The Kathmandu"
Culture can be defined as all the ways of life including arts, beliefs and institutions of a population that is passed down from our ancestors to us and similarly from us to our posterity. It has been called "the way of life for an entire society" and is manifested in music, literature, lifestyle, rituals, painting and sculpture, theatre and film and similar things. For this reason, culture is a key element having a deeper connection to the human life. It is a value in itself that exerts a strong influence on human behavior and human relations, and through that it can affect economic choices and business decisions, as well as social and political behavior. Nepali culture truly depicts the life style of varieties of ethnic groups residing in Nepal. Indeed, Nepali culture carries everything that a Nepali citizen undertakes from the cradle to the death. Just a thought about the Nepali culture gives any Nepalese an immense elation and they start getting their head high with the great veneration or respect for the same.
Hence, while designing the Interior parts of the House, we have focused more to bring an absolute cultural glimpse of Nepal. Similarly, we have used the interior designing of our restaurant as one of the important vehicles to manifest the cultural aspects of Nepal and its people. The look brought this way has created a personality of its own within our restaurant in respect to any other restaurants. Moreover, we have also given the importance to other aspects of designing like themes, light, color, shadows, materials, shapes, furniture design and architectural details. These all very features have added an extra flavor which has made our restaurant a world of difference.
With this very spirit, "The Kathmandu" in Utah, USA, has made a small effort to display an assortment of items having a deeper connection to Nepalese art and craft; music and dance; folklores and folktales; languages and literature; philosophy and religion; festival and celebration; and foods and drinks which resemble that of a typical Nepali culture home. Its intricate interior design and decorations reflect an amazingly perfect mini Nepal creating a unique experience of virtual Nepal for our customers. We have decorated the interior part of the house in such a way that our customers find it splendidly enthralling, relaxing and worth visiting time and again. To make an impression of above said mini Nepal, we have employed varieties of items and materials made in Nepal. Moreover, we have Handicraft exhibition and sale; Curio items exhibition and sales, and Nepali Poster and pamphlet exhibition. Similarly, our visitors can avail the chance of watching adventurous Nepali white water rafting, trekking and expedition adventure, Nepali folk songs and folklores, cultural programs and carnivals, Festivals and religious celebrations; and many more on Television screen during their stay in the house. These major exhibitions will certainly prove our concepts to provide a cool and homely dining environment at our restaurant.
The food of Nepal is as diverse as the country itself. The Nepalese recipes are quick to cook and good to eat. Nepalese food is famous for its nutrition level and tempting taste. Whilst Nepalese cuisine is somewhat basic, it certainly does not lack in flavor, making extensive use of spices and flavorings such as ginger, garlic, coriander, pepper, chilies, cilantro, mustard oil, sunflower oil, ghee.
The most popular Nepalese food includes a dish called ‘Dal Bhat Tarkari’ consists of rice (Bhat), curried vegetables (Tarkari) and a type of lentil soup known as Dal. Bhat is certainly a staple Nepalese food. However in areas where rice is scare (primarily in poor and high-altitude areas) the staple food is usually Dhindo, a thick mush which is produced from corn or millet. Dal Bhat Tarkari is consumed twice daily. This, generally in the morning, and shortly after the sunset. Between these main meals, during mid-day, snacks like chiura (beaten rice) and tea are consumed. Sometimes, meat, eggs, and fish preparations are also consumed. Most of the Nepalese prefer eating with their right hand, though some people have started using spoons, forks, and knives. While eating with hands, lentil soup is poured over cooked rice, a little vegetable curries are added, and the chunk so prepared is consumed by right hand.
With ethnic diversity, Nepal also presents diversity in its eating habits and there are varieties of foods consumed in the different regions of the country. The food consumed by the people living in Terai and Hills differs from the food consumed by the people living in the Himalayas. Special foods are prepared during festivals, and on other such special occasions. A festive meal, like one served during a marriage, is a real treat, and includes vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian dishes.
A restaurant is a deep ingrained memory - an experience to reminisce, an escapade to cherish, a secret to smile over. A certain restaurant somewhere has always served the purpose of catering pleasant memories. You recall, you talk, you laugh, and you cry, you ponder - you face a whole range of emotions over that "particular incident" in that "particular restaurant." Your memory is all the more enriched when something happens in a special restaurant like ours. In "The Kathmandu", you can be assured that your memory is not a haze but a highlight that will sparkle throughout your life.
Our endeavor would always be to win the heart of our valued clients through our service. Therefore, our commitment to overall quality and value is built everyday through our valued clients. We invite you to set your feet once at the doorstep of our restaurant and experience and feel the difference about the culinary products we offer. Our management team has over 10 years of sales, distribution and culinary expertise. In addition to the extensive knowledge of the products we present, our experience in preparing foods enables us to offer specialty items from a Chef’s point of view. As taste continues to grow, it continually evaluates emerging products globally, ensuring our success and unique portfolio for years to come.
Reason Behind Naming the Restaurant "THE KATHMANDU"
The medieval city Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal; also known as "The city of Temples and arts". Kathmandu Valley is home to the famous Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhu Stupa, Guheshwori temple and many more. Hundreds of famous temples are located in and around the Kathmandu Valley. Each temple is attached to a legend or belief that glorifies the miraculous powers of its deity.Pashupatinath Temple, with its astonishing architectural beauty, stands as a symbol of faith, religion, culture and tradition. Regarding as the sacred linga or phallic symbol of Lord Shiva, thousands of pilgrims from all over the world come each year to pay homage to Pashupatinath
So, with the idea of serving the most popular Nepalese foods in the USA, we have made an effort to initiate “The Kathmandu”. The Restaurant is named after Kathmandu, which shoulders the glorious history of Nepal. The house has got the fortune to serve the hygienic and clean exotic Nepali and Indian cuisine satisfying all our clients in a mini Nepal environment. We are truly committed for the best quality of services, good manner of friendly staffs, and the hygienic food for you while at our restaurant. We welcome you to The Katmandu House. All the guests will be welcomed in a typical Nepalese way saying NAMASTE a form of Nepali greeting meaning welcome; bowing head with palms folded together just below chin. We have all our staffs fully clad with purely Nepali dress. The male staffs are found to be wearing DAURA SURUWAL (The National Dress of Nepal) whereas the female staffs are found to be in BAKHKHU (Dress worn in Nepal by Sherpa and Lamas). Just pay us a single visit; our hospitable staffs will surely make your momentary stay a memorable and indelible one.
In Nepal varieties of food grains are produced like maize, wheat, paddy, millet, barley. The staple food grown in Nepal is paddy. The systems of paddy cultivation in various rice-growing areas of the country are largely dependent upon the rice-growing conditions prevalent in the respective regions. The method of cultivation of rice in a particular region depends largely on factors such as situation of land, type of soils, irrigation facilities, and availability of laborers intensity and distribution of rainfalls.
Under Wet or Lowland Cultivation, the land is ploughed thoroughly and muddled with 3-5 cm of standing water in the field. The optimum depth of muddling is found to be around 10 cm in the clay and clay-loam types of soils. The primary objective is to obtain a soft seedbed for the seedlings to establish themselves faster, to minimize the leaching losses of nutrients and thereby increase the availability of plant nutrients by achieving reduced soil conditions which facilitates a better availability of nutrient elements, to incorporate the weeds and stubble into the soil and to minimize the weed problem. Muddling can be done with ploughs, tillers or tractors, depending upon their availability and soil conditions. The land is leveled after muddling to facilitate a uniform distribution of water and fertilizers. Then a group of women transplant the seedlings of rice to this fully prepared farmyard singing pleasant traditional folklore called ASARE GEET. The process of transplanting the seedlings of paddy from the seedbed to the muddling farmyard is called Ropai .At this very moment, farmyard looks very enjoyable, and evens the males who are called Bause join themselves with their women partners.
Paddy grown in this way is generally harvested after three months. When the paddy is harvested, threshing is followed. Threshing is the process of beating paddy plants in order to separate the seeds or grains from the straw. After threshing is done, Hulling is the process to remove the hull from the seed. Finally, rice is obtained by removing the brown seed coat from the paddy by milling in the Terai region, and beating it with a traditional handmade wooden structure called Dhiki in hilly region. Thus rice is prepared for the use of consumers.